Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE AND PLASMID PROFILE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI ISOLATED FROM DUCKS IN PENANG, MALAYSIA|
Ali, G. R. R.
Ting, S. L.
|Publisher:||International Food Research Journal|
|Series/Report no.:||Vol. 20;Issue 3|
|Abstract:||Fifty five (n=55) isolates of Escherichia coli isolated from ducks in Penang, Malaysia were examined for their susceptibility to eleven different antibiotics and assayed for the presence of plasmid DNAs. All the 55 Escherichia coli isolates were resistant (100%) to vancomycin. Higher resistance (≥ 60) occurred for tetracycline 51 (92.7%), ampicillin 40 (72.7%), streptomycin 37 (67.3%), and sulfamethoxazole-trimethophrim 37 (67.3%). No and low resistance was observed for nitrofurantoin (0%) and gentamicin (1.8%), respectively. The isolates also showed some intermediate resistances to all antibiotics examined except for vancomycin. The 55 Escherichia coli isolates exhibited 23 different antibiotic resistant patterns with MAR index ranging from 0.09-0.82. Majority of the Escherichia coli isolates exhibited resistant pattern of VA-C-OFX-SXT-TE-AMP-NA-KF and VA-S-C-OFX-SXT-TE-AMP-NA-KF with MAR index of 0.73 and 0.82, respectively. The smallest plasmid DNA size was 1.2 kb and the largest plasmid DNA size was 81.5 kb. 51 (93%) of the duck Escherichia coli isolates harbored plasmids. The was no direct correlation between plasmid DNA sizes and antibiotic resistant among the duck Escherichia coli isolates. Thus, the antibiotic resistant of the Escherichia coli isolates could mostly be mediated by chromosomes instead of plasmids. This study also suggests that the use of antibiotics in duck farming in Penang, Malaysia needs to be controlled to prevent the spread of multiple antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli isolates.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Sciences|
Files in This Item:
|ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE AND PLASMID PROFILE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI ISOLATED FROM DUCKS IN PENANG, MALAYSIA.pdf||392.82 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
Items in UDSspace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.