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Authors: Wu, Y.
Liao, W.
Dawuda, M.M.
Hu, L.
Yu, J.
Keywords: 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA)
Biosynthetic pathway
Metabolic pathway
Abiotic stress
Plant growth regulator
Stress tolerance
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Springer Nature B.V.
Series/Report no.: Vol. 87;Issue 2
Abstract: Crop productivity is restricted by various abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity, heat, and cold. Many efforts have been taken to decrease the inhibition of plant growth by alleviating the abiotic stresses. Exogenous applications of hormones, plant growth regulators, and/or small signaling molecules have been reported as a means to enhance plant resistance to stress. One of the small signaling molecules utilized is 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) that has been shown to enhance plant growth under abiotic stress. As a metabolic intermediate in higher plants, ALA is a precursor of all tetrapyrroles such as chlorophyll, heme and siroheme. The pathway towards biosynthesis upstream and the metabolism downstream of ALA contains multiple regulatory points that are affected by positive/negative factors. However, report about the regulatory aspects of the ALA metabolic pathway and the role of ALA in stimulating physiochemical processes in higher plants under stress have not been collated and summarized systematically. In this regard, we summarize recent developments in understanding the mechanisms of plant responses to abiotic stress which are affected by ALA as well as new information on the metabolic pathway of ALA. We find that exogenous application of ALA can enhance some key physiological and biochemical processes in plants such as photosynthesis, nutrient uptake, antioxidant characteristics and osmotic equilibrium, however, more in-depth research on the specific mechanisms are needed.
ISSN: 1573-5087
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Sciences

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