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Authors: Dawuda, M.M.
Weibiao, L.
Hu, L.
Yu, K.
Xie, J.
Calderón-Urrea, A.
Jin, X.
Wu, Y.
Keywords: Cadmium stress
Antioxidant enzymes
Endogenous hormones
Lettuce genotypes
Root morphology
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: PeerJ
Series/Report no.: Vol.7;Issue 253
Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the root tolerance and biochemical responses of four Chinese Lactuca sativa L. genotypes (Lüsu, Lümeng, Yidali and Anyan) to cadmium (Cd2+) stress. Twenty-eight days old seedlings were exposed to Hoagland's nutrient solution supplied with or without 100 mM CdCl2 and monitored for seven days in a climate controlled room. The 100 mMCdCl2 significantly (P <0:001) decreased all the root morphological indexes of the four genotypes. However, Yidali, which possessed the smallest root system, exhibited greater root tolerance to Cd2+ by having the highest tolerance indexes for root volume (46%), surface area (61%), projected area (74%) and numbers of root forks (63%) and root tips (58%). Moreover, Cd2+ stress also caused increases inH2O2 contents in the roots but the increase was least in Yidali which showed greater root tolerance to Cd2+ stress. The effect of Cd2+ stress on the contents of hormones in the roots depended on the genotypes. Under Cd2+ stress, abscisic acid correlated positively with indole-3-acetic acid (r D0:669*), gibberellic acid (r D0:630*) and cytokinin (r D0:785**). The antioxidant enzyme activities and proline responses of the four genotypes to Cd2+ stress were similar. The SOD activity was decreased whiles the CAT and POD activities, as well as the contents of proline increased in all the genotypes under the stress condition. These results suggest that lettuce genotypes with smaller root systems could be more tolerant to Cd2+ stress compared to those with larger root systems.
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Sciences

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