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|Title:||EFFECT OF COMPOST-BIOCHAR MIXES AND IRRIGATION ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF AMARANTHUS (AMARANTHUS HYBRIDUS) UNDER TWO GROWING TEMPERATURES|
Chimsah, F. A.
|Publisher:||African Journal of Agricultural Research|
|Series/Report no.:||Vol. 10;issue 10|
|Abstract:||An experiment was carried out to study the sensitivity of amaranthus to different sources of soil nutrients and different amounts of irrigation water at different temperatures. Nitrogen (N) rich materials (compost/poultry manure) and carbon (C) rich material (biochar) used included poultry manure + rice husk biochar (PM+RB), poultry manure + sawdust biochar (PM+SB), rice husk compost + rice husk biochar (RC+RB), sawdust compost + sawdust biochar (SC+SB) mixed at 10 ton ha-1 N rich material to 5 ton ha-1 C rich material. Rice husk compost only, Sawdust compost only (at 10 ton ha-1 for each of RC and SC), NPK (400 kg ha-1) and no amendments as Control were also used. Two irrigation amounts (0.1124 mm and 0.225 mm per pot), were imposed resulting in 12 treatment combinations, in a completely randomized design with 4 replicates. The experiment was repeated under two different temperatures of 37 and 30°C in the glass house and pot house, respectively. Data on growth, yield, water use and nutrient leaching were collected. PM+RB produced the tallest plants (31.67 cm) with 0.1124 mm irrigation at 30°C. PM+SB treated plants had more leaves (17) with 0.1124 mm amount of irrigation water at 37°C. NPK treated plants gave the highest stem girth (5.87 cm) and highest SPAD value (42.5%) with 0.1124 mm amount of irrigation water at 37°C. Leaf area index was highest (43) at 30°C for plants receiving NPK and 0.225 mm amount of irrigation water. NPK treated plants gave the highest fresh biomass of 36.93 g at 30°C but lowest biomass (13.01 g) at 37°C. PM+SB gave the highest fresh biomass weight of 16.7 g at 37°C and highest volume of leachate (123 ml) with 0.225 mm irrigation water at 30°C. At 37°C, SC gave the highest leachate volume (166 ml). The study indicates a good potential for sustaining crop yield with organic materials under increasing temperature and declining water resources that may be associated with changing climate.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Agriculture|
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