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|Title:||AFLATOXIN CONTENT IN CEREAL-LEGUME BLENDS ON THE GHANAIAN MARKET FAR EXCEEDS THE PERMISSIBLE LIMIT|
Achaglinkame, M. A.
Amagloh, F. K.
|Series/Report no.:||Vol. 10;Issue 6|
|Abstract:||Cereals and legumes, the main ingredients usedin the preparation of complementary foods in Ghana,havebeenassociatedwith aflatoxin contamination. This study aimed to determine aflatoxin contamination levels in cereal-based complementary foods on theGhanaianmarket.Across-sectionalsurveydesignoveratwo-weekperiodwasusedtosample48commercialcomplementary food brands on an as available-basis from supermarkets or mini-marts in all 10 regions of Ghana. A tablet-assisted aflatoxin mobile Assay (mReader) that uses Reveal Q+ test strips (Neogen Corporation) was used to quantify the level of aflatoxin in the samples.Allsampleswerecontaminatedwithaflatoxin.Concentrationsincereal-legumeblendsrangedfrom1to1094ppbwhile those in cereal-only samples ranged from 1 to 11.7 ppb. The lowest aflatoxin concentrations were recorded in samples from the Upper East region with a mean of 1.5 ppb (1 to 3.8 ppb) while the highest were in samples from the Central region with a mean concentration of 457 ppb (6.6–1094 ppb). Aflatoxin concentrations in approximately a third of the infant formulations sampled exceeded the acceptable standard of 20 ppb, some by a factor of over 5 (100 ppb), and may contribute to the perennial malnutrition (stunting and iron deficiency) prevalent among children in Ghana.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Sciences|
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