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|Title:||CHANGES IN β-CAROTENE, DRY MATTER, SUGAR AND STARCH CONTENT IN TWO ORANGEFLESHED SWEETPOTATO (IPOMOEA BATATAS (L.) LAM) CULTIVARS AS INFLUENCED BY CURING AND HOUSEHOLD-LEVEL STORAGE METHODS|
|Authors:||Atuna, Richard A.|
Carey, Edward E.
Low, Jan W.
Amagloh, Francis K.
|Publisher:||Ghana Institute of Horticulturist|
|Series/Report no.:||Vol 13;Issue 1|
|Abstract:||The effects of three curing and two household-level storage methods (sand box and heap) on the compositional quality of two orange-fleshed sweetpotato cultivars were investigated for two successive years. The curing treatments were: inground/dehaulming, field-piling and uncured. Roots from the curing treatments were stored in either sand box or heap methods. The β-carotene content of “Apomuden” and “Nangungungu” respectively ranged from 13.80 to 28.29 mg/100 g and 11.33 to 17.20 mg/100 g for both years with “Apomuden” having a significantly (p < 0.001) higher β-carotene content. “Apomuden” also had significantly higher (p < 0.05) fructose, glucose and sucrose content compared to “Nangungungu”. However, “Nangungungu” had higher starch (54.86 to 56.16% vs. 46.16 to 46.30%, respectively) and dry matter content (30.43 to 32.89% vs. 25.05 to 25.62%, respectively) than “Apomuden”. Curing did not have a significant (p = 0.352) influence on the β-carotene content of roots except for the second year where field-piled cured roots in storage had a significantly higher β-carotene content (24.96 mg/100 mg; p = 0.007) compared with stored roots from the dehaulmed (22.26 mg/100 g) and uncured (21.01 mg/100 g) treatments. The sand box and the heap storage methods respectively resulted in 10% and 19% decline in β-carotene after 2 months of storage. This indicates that, β-carotene retention is better in the sand box relative to the heap storage and should be recommended for small scale storage of sweet potato in Ghana.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Agriculture|
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