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Authors: Afaya, R. A.
Bam, V.
Azongo, T. B.
Afaya, A.
Kusi-Amponsah, A.
Ajusiyine, J. M.
Hamid, T. A.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Series/Report no.: Vol. 15;Issue 8
Abstract: Background Diabetes often coexists with other medical conditions and is a contributing cause of death in 88% of people who have it. The study aimed at evaluating medication adherence, self-care behaviours and diabetes knowledge among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Ghana. Methods A total of 330 participants were recruited into the study from three public hospitals in the Tamale metropolis. A validated medication adherence questionnaire and the Summary of Diabetes Self-care Activities tool were used to assess medication adherence and self-care activities respectively. Logistic and linear regressions were used to determine factors positively associated with non-adherence to medication and self-care behaviours respectively. Results Of the 330 participants whose data were analysed, the mean (SD) age was 57.5 (11.8) years. The majority (84.5%) were adherent to anti-diabetes medication. Participant’s age, educational level, and practice of self-care behaviours influenced adherence to anti-diabetes medication. Participants aged 70 years and above were 79% less likely to be non-adherent to medication as compared to those below 50 years [OR = 0.21 (95%CI: 0.06–0.74), p = 0.016]. Participants with senior high school education were 3.7 times more likely to be nonadherent to medication than those with tertiary education [OR = 3.68 (95%CI: 1.01–13.44), p = 0.049]. Participants with tertiary education had an increase in the level of practice of selfmanagement by 1.14 (p = 0.041). A unit increase in knowledge score also increased the level of practice of self-management by 3.02 (p<0.001). Conclusion The majority of participants were adherent to anti-diabetes medication. Non-adherence to medication was associated with younger age and low level of education. Interventions to improve adherence should target younger and newly diagnosed patients through aggressive counselling to address healthy self-management behaviours.
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:School of Allied Health Sciences

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